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Some people say that billiards originated in France, some people said that it originated in the UK first, and some people said that it originated in Spain and Italy. There are divergent opinions, and there is no exact research data. Limited data indicate that in the earliest billiard games, there were only two balls on the table. Passed to France, the French added a red ball, and the British followed suit. At the end of the 17th century, the doctor of Louis XIV in France required the king to play billiards after meals every day, and the game of billiards became popular in France. Billiards were originally made of wood, but later made of ivory. It is said that an ivory can only make 5 balls. Britain only needs tens of thousands of elephants each year to make billiards. The manufactured ivory billiards must be strictly selected and must have the same weight, so the price is very expensive! So ivory billiards are only suitable for court aristocrats! Later, Hayat, known as the father of the American plastics industry, developed a billiard made of a mixture of chemical materials such as nitrocellulose, camphor and alcohol, which greatly reduced the cost of billiards; then it appeared again in 1920 A billiard ball cast from carbonate. Once again, the manufacturing cost of billiards is reduced. Since then, billiards has truly become mass entertainment in the entertainment industry. Billiards began with the earliest two balls and gradually evolved into current English billiards, French billiards, and so on. The more popular British snooker game originated in 1885, and this style of play has continued for more than a century.
Billiards have a history of five or six hundred years. From which country did billiards originate? Some say ancient Greece, some say France, some say Britain, and some say China, Italy, and Spain, and so on. In fact, they are all based on legends, so it is difficult to be sure. However, it is indisputable that billiards originated in Western Europe.
Billiards In the 14th century AD, in the Victorian era of England, England, billiards activities were highly valued. In some rich families, there are not only luxurious billiard rooms, but also strict courtesy when playing ball games. Some regulations are still in use today. If a guest comes while playing the ball, you must open the door gently to enter the room. Do not talk loudly or scream, so as not to affect the quiet thinking of the player. Another example is when playing a ball, you can ask the opponent not to face nn himself or stand near him, and uncivilized moves such as swinging a club are not allowed. Billiards is an elegant activity. At present, billiard halls and rooms have similar regulations that do not allow loud noise and smoking.
Billiards appeared in France in 1510. The French king Louis XIV played a "Single Pool" in the Palace of Versailles. On the table, an ivory arch (Port) and an ivory post called "King" (King), use a spoon-shaped stick to play the ball, score the ball or hit the post to score
Because the king ’s doctor of the French King Louis XIV suggested that the king do billiards after meals, which is good for fitness and therefore loved and cared by the French king, in the 17th century, billiards became popular in France, which may be the basis for the origin of billiards in France. It is said that the billiards activity was originally a method of digging holes on the outdoor ground and driving the ball into the hole with a wooden stick. Later, it was changed from outdoor to indoor table.
It has been hundreds of years of history since the appearance of billiards. It is not perfect and perfect, but it has been improved and enriched by people in the long-term circulation, and has now reached a more perfect level. In the past, when playing balls on indoor tables, a round hole was opened in the center of the table, and then four holes were opened in the four corners of the table. The increase in holes also stimulated people's interest in playing balls until six holes were opened on the table. Round hole. Only evolved into the prototype of today's snooker pool table. During the development of the table, there were also octagonal tables, with holes on each side of the table. There are a total of eight holes, and the number of holes has increased. A set of balls can accommodate a few more people to participate.
By the beginning of the nineteenth century, the development of billiards began to mature. As technology improved, equipment and appliances also developed, and many large and small improvements and inventions continued to emerge. In terms of the pool table, the original table used was an ordinary wooden table. Due to the weather, the wood is deformed, and the flat surface is difficult to guarantee, which directly affects the performance of the hitting technology. About 1827, the use of stone slabs as the table top, only a smooth, high-quality table top without deformation. The edge of the table was originally wrapped with wool or cotton and nailed to the edge of the table. Because there is no elasticity, it can only play a role in cushioning the impact. It was not replaced with rubber until 1831. In 1835 American Feren and American Banshaponilan in 1854 successively improved and invented regular rubber table edges with good elasticity. Who invented and improved the club's skin? There are two legends: one is that the bald cue used by the early nineteenth century was a French soldier in Minquat in India. When he was punished and forced to practice for a long time, he found a wooden ball. The bald head of the rod is not easy to use, so a piece of skin is added to the bald head. After trial results are very good, it began to be promoted.
Another way of saying this is: the leather head was invented by French billiard master Mi Jia, and invented chocolate powder in the UK to prevent the club from hitting the slider. The "ball" used in billiards has also evolved. The earliest used billiards were made of wood or brass, and later inspired by Indian ivory decorations and high-end appliances, so ivory was also selected as a billiard material. One ivory can make five balls. According to the needs of the time, it is estimated that more than 10,000 elephants' teeth are required to solve each year, and the amount is really considerable. Because of the high quality of billiards, the roundness must be round, and the weight of each ball must be the same. Due to the product qualification rate, it is expensive and can only be enjoyed by the royal and aristocratic minority, which seriously hinders the popularity and development of billiards.
Until 1868, billiards developed extensively in western countries, and the demand for balls also increased dramatically. A New York billiard company voluntarily offered a $ 10,000 bounty to solicit ivory ball substitutes. Known as the father of the American plastics industry at the time, Hyatt successfully developed plastic billiards using chemical methods. This invention promoted revolutionary changes in the billiard manufacturing industry. At the same time, it has made great contributions to the development of billiards. Therefore, Hayat was also elected to the Hall of Fame by the American Billiards Association. In the first game of billiards, there were only two balls on the table. By 1775, the French added a red ball, and the British followed suit. At this time, there were three balls on the table. This game is called "Kallon", and the batter can score the ball by hitting the opponent's ball into the bag or hitting two balls at the same time. This gameplay is the original way of playing three-ball snooker, which is the "competitive force" of English billiards.
American billiards were introduced by the Spanish in 1504 through Florida. In 1607, the British brought billiards to Virginia Asia. The French who moved to South Carolina in 1690 also brought billiards to the United States. At that time, although billiards were introduced to the United States in many ways, it did not develop quickly. It did not become popular until 1800. After years of research and development, until the mid-nineteenth century, major improvements and contributions were made to billiard technology, game methods, and rules. Until the world's billiards, a large genre of American billiards and French billiards British and English billiards go hand in hand, and are now popular in East and West.
Regarding the establishment of the billiard sports organization, the earliest country was the United Kingdom. In 1885, the pool association was formed by amateur and professional golfers, and the first formal rules of the game were formulated. In 1908, the opposing party formed the billiard management club. In 1919, the Billiards Association and the Billiards Management Club reached a merger agreement, forming the highest organization of English billiards and snooker billiards, the Billiards Federation, which presided over the two billiards and set the rules.
The World Billiards Union was established in 1940 as an organization of international billiards events. Its headquarters is located in Brussels, the capital of Belgium, and its administrative center is located in Barcelona, Spain. The World Billiards Union is responsible for worldwide billiards games. Many countries around the world have conducted billiard activities and established billiard associations. More than thirty countries have joined the World Billiards Union, all of which are members of the league. The American Billiards Association was established in 1948. It is the supreme governing body of various American billiards. It is located in Chicago. In 1965, the association set up a billiard hall of fame to keep important information in the history of billiards and the glorious record of outstanding people. The first countries where billiards passed to Asia were India and Thailand, and then Japan. They were introduced to China in the 19th century without the Qing Dynasty. Before liberation, there were only small-scale pool halls run by private ambassadors, concessions, and Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Harbin, and Fanyang. There were only a few pool tables.
After the liberation, there were two small factories in Cai Guoji and Xinxin in Shanghai that produced and manufactured pool tables. It was too soon to be liberated, and it was too early to participate in billiards activities according to the economic conditions of the people at that time. So it just ended for a few years. Now, with the rapid development of economic construction, billiards have gained universal popularity as other sports. Many stadiums, clubs, entertainment centers, large hotels, and restaurants in large and medium cities do not have billiard halls and rooms. Many large, medium and small villages, streets and alleys set up billiard booths.
In 1986, China established the China Billiards Association, and various provinces and cities have also established local billiards associations. In 1960, the first national billiard game was held. In 1985, the second national billiard invitational tournament was held in Tiandang and Shanghai. In November 1986, the second national billiard invitational tournament was held. In particular, the Jianpai Cup China International Billiard Tournament, held in Beijing from March 5th to 8th, 1987, can be said to be a competition of the world's top players in billiards. There are eight world billiards masters and eight Chinese players in the United States. game. The eight world leaders are Steve Davis, Dennis Taylor the third, Jimmy White the fifth, Willie Thorne the seventh, Terry Griffith the eighth, Tenth Tony Mio, thirteenth Neil Foltz, sixteenth Rex Williams. Their splendid performances filled the eyes of our audience, and finally Willie Fultz defeated Jimmy White 5-2 to win the championship. Although eight Chinese players were eliminated in the first round, Zhang Yanbin won a game against Jimmy White. Through this television broadcast, about 100 million viewers across the country enjoyed the high-level broadcast, which caused a surge in billiards in China.
In 1994, he jointly established the professional class of billiards for the first time in Beijing Forty Middle School with Xingwei Sporting Goods Co., Ltd., which attracted the favor of candidates, parents and society, and received the support of Asia and the World Taiwan Federation. In order to implement the policy of "Chinese billiards go to the world and face the future", and to cultivate the new pool players, referees and managers with the cultural theory and high-tech level that the country urgently needs, China was formally established in 1995 on the basis of a professional pool class. The first "Beijing Billiard Sports School". In 1996, Xingwei Sporting Goods Co., Ltd. and Beijing Sports University jointly established a billiards project in the sports department, which created conditions for the cultivation of advanced billiards professionals in China.
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